Also referred to as endodontic treatment/therapy, root canal treatment is performed to remove the infected or necrotic pulp contained in the root canal. Inflammation or infection of the dental pulp happens when the pulp space is exposed to the outside. This exposure may be due to repeated dental procedures on the tooth, deep decay or a crack or chip on the tooth. Treating the pulp infection is necessary to avoid or relieve pain or abscess. Performed under local anesthesia, root canal treatment begins with the placement of a “dental dam”. This is a small protective sheet used to isolate the tooth and to keep it sanitized and saliva-free during the procedure. Next, the endodontist creates an opening in the tooth crown. With the use of dental instruments, the pulp chamber and root canals are thoroughly cleaned then shaped. This is followed by the placement of a gutta-percha, a biocompatible and rubber-like material, to seal the root canals.
Usually, a temporary filling is placed to close the crown opening. Once the root canal treatment is completed, you will be instructed to see your regular or restorative dentist to have a crown or other restoration placed. If this process is completed, you can expect your teeth to function normally.With the advent of modern techniques and equipment, root canal treatments are generally comfortable and faster these days. Hence, you don’t have to worry about pain during the procedure. However, there may be a little discomfort after the treatment. If there was an abscess or infection, you may experience sensitivity on your tooth, too. The discomfort goes away in a few days. If you want to relieve the pain, you may take medications as prescribed by your endodontist. Meanwhile, if you experience extreme pain that lasts more than a few days, call your endodontist in Orange County.